Gambling in the Philippines has been present since the sixteenth century,[1] and remains prevalent in the nation today. Currently, it takes on different legal and illegal forms found almost throughout the archipelago. The government manages gambling through the Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR) which intends to regulate and operate games of chance, and to create government capital,[2] but in addition, there are several other private and public agencies that handles specific forms of gambling. Specifically, casino gaming under PAGCOR is necessary to the country’s tourism and earnings. The Philippines has more casinos than Macau, with twenty located in Metro Manila alone.
Even before the Spanish colonization.,[1] gambling is thought to have already been present in the Philippines. Even though there are no specific records when gaming was first practiced in the archipelago, it is possible that some forms were introduced by the Chinese in the late sixteenth century. Because of the proximity of the two nations, many local Chinese goes to the Philippines for both business and gain, engaging in different transactions and activities. [4][5] About Magellan’s voyage into the Philippines, it had been noted in the accounts of Antonio Pigafetta, he had witnessed bets being put on cockfights if his ship arrived in Palawan at 1521.

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